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Answers for November
Answers and Citations
to November 2003 Poll
My name is _____________. I'm calling for Retro Poll,
a non-profit public interest group.
Are you willing to take a few minutes of your time to respond to our poll?
The general topic is public views on U.S. government policies.
Are you 18 or over?
1. In your personal opinion which statement best describes the impact
of the current U.S. Government's War on Terrorism:
a) lessening world
tensions and improving chances for peace
b) having little impact on terrorism
c) creating enemies and terrorists and harming the quality of our lives.
d) none of the above/ not sure.
In this poll, we
are interested in whether Americans agree with each other on the impact
of government policies in the war on terrorism and other areas of national
policy. You will notice that the first part asks for factual information
and the second part for your opinions. In the first part it is better
to say you don't know than to guess the answer to any question. Few people
will know all the answers. Please try and be honest and complete the poll.
We'll tell you where to find the right answers later.
2. Since 1900 one U.S. president resigned who was likely to be impeached
by Congress and another was impeached. Were those two presidents? a) Ford
and Carter b) Reagan and Ford c) Nixon and Clinton d) don't know
Correct Answer: c) Nixon and Clinton
Richard Nixon was
deeply involved in the cover-up of the Watergate break-in June 17, 1972
and other illegal activities. He resigned from office August 9, 1974 rather
than face certain impeachment.
William Clinton was
impeached on the basis of two articles passed by the house December 19,
1998 for giving false and misleading testimony regarding the Paula Jones
case and his relationship with Monica Lewinsky (#1) and for cover-up of
evidence related to the Paula Jones case (#2). Clinton was impeached,
but was acquitted on February 13, 1999.
3. Which nation invaded Kuwait in 1990? a) Saudi Arabia b) Iraq c) the
U.S. d) don't know
Correct Answer: b) Iraq invaded Kuwait
4. "Which nation has most weapons of mass destruction and supplied
some to Iraq? a) Russia b) U.S. c) North Korea d) don't know
Correct answer b) U.S.:
The U.S.A. has the largest stockpile of nuclear weapons and recently began
development of a new generation of nuclear weapons designed to destroy
deep, reinforced bunkers. For a listing of stockpiles held by the US,
Russia, France, UK, and China, see http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/datab19.asp
The US has altered
its nuclear policy so that first-strike use of such weapons is now a critical
aspect of this policy.
Because of the current
warfare in the Middle East and the previous use of chemical and biological
weapons in the region, it is important to review the stockpiles of chemical
and biological weapons. As of 2002, this list included Iraq, but we now
know that Iraq had no stockpiles of nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons
at the time of the US-UK invasion earlier this year, despite the claims
to the contrary made by the Bush and Blair administrations.
And, as indicated
in question #7 below, the US and Germany were among the leading suppliers
to Iraq of materials required for development of chemical and biological
weapons prior to the first Gulf war. US corporations supplying Iraq:
By contrast, the USA
has the largest stockpiles of nuclear and chemical weapons in the world.
The chemical weapons are distributed in several large stockpiles:
By treaty, the US
is obligated to destroy these weapons, as it has been reported to have
destroyed its stockpile of biological weapons. http://www.stimson.org/cbw/?sn=CB2001121896
The cost of disposal
of these weapons is enormous.
But recently, the
Bush administration has balked at trying to enforce the biological weapons
Even more frightening,
is the size of the nuclear stockpile.
5. Is there evidence that Saddam Hussein worked with the 9-11 terrorists?
Correct answer: No
No link to 9/11 has been declared or found. Although comments by the
President and his top people sometimes make it seem otherwise, neither
the President, members of his administration, nor anyone else has provided
any credible evidence or facts that Hussein worked with the 9/11 terrorists.
There are many websites and books documenting the lies of Bush and other
members of his administration:
The hijackers came
from many different countries, but mostly from Saudi Arabia:
There are reports
that some of the men accused of being hijackers and who allegedly died
on the airplanes are still alive:
6. Is there evidence that Saddam Hussein worked with Al Qaeda?
Correct answer: Saddam Hussein had no connection with the 9/11 terrorists
or Al Qaeda,
7. In the 1980s which of the following nations did not provide money and
chemicals and biological agents to Saddam Hussein to construct weapons
of mass destruction? a) Germany b) U.S. c) Cuba d) don't know
Correct answer: c) Cuba did not provide weapons to Iraq, but US and
US corporations supplying
Germany and other
European corporations also supplied Iraq:
A list of many of
the arms suppliers to Iraq, except German, can be found at:
A list of some of
the German arms suppliers to Iraq can be found at:
8. In the 1980s Which U.S. president sent Donald Rumsfeld to Iraq to support
and work with Saddam Hussein shortly after he had used outlawed poison
gas against Iranian troops? a) Carter b) Reagan c) George Bush Sr. d)
b) Reagan sent Rumsfeld to Iraq to establish diplomatic relations immediately
after Saddam Hussein attacked invading Iranian troops with poison gas.
For time line: http://www.greenleft.org.au/back/2002/506/506p12.htm
9. USA Patriot Act authorizes investigations against terrorist suspects
and defines a terrorist suspect a) as any person suspected of engaging
or planning violence against civilians b) as any person suspected of violent
crimes c) broadly enough that it can include any person opposing U.S.
government policies d) don't know
Correct answer: c) broadly enough that it can include any person opposing
U.S. government policies: One new definition of terrorism and three
expansions of previous terms also expand the scope of surveillance. They
are 1) § 802 definition of "domestic terrorism" (amending
18 USC §2331), which raises concerns about legitimate protest activity
resulting in conviction on terrorism charges, especially if violence erupts;
adds to 3 existing definition of terrorism (int'l terrorism per 18 USC
§2331, terrorism transcending national borders per 18 USC §2332b,
and federal terrorism per amended 18 USC §2332b(g)(5)(B)). These
new definitions also expose more people to surveillance (and potential
"harboring" and "material support" liability, §§
10. Does the U.S. Constitution guarantee accused persons the right to
a fair and speedy trial and the right to be released unless charged with
a crime? (y, n, d)
Correct answer: YES The Sixth Amendment to the U. S. constitution
(part of the Bill of Rights) guarantees accused persons the right to a
fair and speedy trial and the right to be released unless charged with
a crime trial. See: http://www.archives.gov/national_archives_experience/bill_of_rights_transcript.html
There is no amendment
authorizing the government to detain suspects indefinitely. Article I,
section 9 of the constitutions forbids congress to suspend the right to
a writ of habeas corpus except in the cases of rebellion or invasion.
Habeas corpus is the right to be freed unless convicted and sentenced
to prison. Authorization for indefinite detention has been absent from
U.S. law for over 200 years until 2001 when President George W. Bush issued
an executive order permitting indefinite detentions of suspects without
a requirement that they be charged, tried in a court, found guilty or
innocent and sentenced. Indefinite detention also violates Amendment VIII
of the bill of rights, which states: "excessive bail shall not be
required, nor excessive fines imposed,
11. More than 197 cities and towns and 3 states have passed resolutions
concerning the USA Patriot Act. Do these resolutions a) call for vigorous
law enforcement of the Act b) ask that it be strengthened c) call for
the removal of key provisions because they violate our democratic rights.
d) don't know
Correct answer: c) These towns and states demand removal of key
provisions of the USAPA because they violate our democratic rights. When
this question was written 170 cities and town had passed such resolutions
and in just the past 2 months the number has increased to 197.
12. Does deregulation mainly cause a) competition b) monopolization c)
neither d) don't know?
Correct answer: Deregulation leads to monopolization:
A socialist view: http://www.wsws.org/articles/1999/nov1999/bank-n01.shtml
Ralph Nader view:
Another view http://www.greens.org/s-r/14/14-23.html
According to Doug
Dowd, deregulation will always lead to formation of monopolies, particularly
in industries such as electricity.
13. The U.S. spends more money per person on health care than any nation
on earth. Among nations, where does the U.S. rank in various health outcomes
such as infant mortality and life expectancy achieved? a) best b) 10th
to 15th best c) 20th to 54th d) don't know.
Correct answer: c) 20th to 54th
To read about the
U.S. healtcare system with insight into possible reforms, see Health
Care Meltdown by Bob LeBow, MPH. Originally published as paperback
in 2002 by JRI Press, Boise, Idaho and now published in hardback by Alan
C. Hood & Co., Inc., Chambersburg, PA. See page 145 on U.S. rank in
various health outcomes versus money spent.
14. Which statement
best describes a result of the World Trade Organization's agreements intended
to tear down barriers to international trade? a) removes the right of
nations to protect their environment and their workers health and safety
b) creates a world at peace c) helps put an end to hysteria about environmental
catastrophe d) none of these or don't know
Correct answer: WTO agreements remove the right of nations to protect
their environment and their workers health and safety. These WTO agreements
on world trade hurt the environment and ignore workers health and safety.
Greenpeace view on WTO and environment;
WTO failed to protect
What you always wanted
to read to understand the problems with WTO rules, regulations, and agreements.
15. Does the use of genetically engineered seeds in agriculture tend to
make small farmers in the U.S. and in other countries financially dependent
upon the corporations who hold patents to these seeds? (y, n, d)
Correct answer: The use of GE seeds tends to make small farmers financially
dependent on the corporations who hold patents to these seeds in part
because patent laws forbid farmers from collecting and reusing seeds from
these plants. As the following articles indicate, there are even more
serious problems. For the effects of seeds, see:
What farmers think
about the seeds:
16. The Middle Eastern nation that has the greatest arsenal of nuclear
weapons and other weapons of mass destruction is: a) Iran b) Syria c)
Israel d) don't know
c) Israel. For more information about Israel and the bomb, see:
The person who first
revealed the existence of the secret Israeli nuclear weapons program was
an Israeli nuclear technician, Mordecai Vanunu. He was abducted from England
by Israeli agents, tried for treason in Israel and has been imprisoned
for over 17 years, 12 of them in solitary confinement. He is due for release
in 2004. http://www.nonviolence.org/vanunu.
Highest educational level completed(37)_____
Thank you so much for participating in our poll and for caring enough
to share your views. For answers to the factual questions please check
our Web Site at retropoll.org Final
poll results will be posted on November 24, 2003.